KEY FACTS: HUMAN AFRICAN TRYPANOSOMIASIS

Human African Trypanosomiasis

  • Sleeping sickness occurs only in 36 sub-Saharan Africa countries where there are tsetse flies that transmit the disease.

  • The people most exposed to the tsetse fly and therefore the disease live in rural areas and depend on agriculture, fishing, animal husbandry or hunting.

  • Trypanosoma brucei gambiense (T.b.g.) accounts for more than 98% of reported cases of sleeping sickness.

  • Sustained control efforts have lowered the number of new cases reported to 6743 in 2011 and 7197 in 2012 respectively.,

  • Diagnosis and treatment of the disease is complex and requires specifically skilled staff.

(http://www.who.int)

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